bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)

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  • affects premature infants
  • bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) also called chronic lung disease
  • “Dysplasia” means abnormal changes in the structure or organization of a group of cells.
  • The cell changes in BPD take place in the smaller airways and lung alveoli, making breathing difficult and causing problems with lung function.

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Etiology:

Caused by inflammation and scarring in the lungs

A result of extended respiratory support interventions that are used to manage respiratory distress syndrome such as extended high level oxygen therapy or long duration on a ventilator.

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Prognosis:

  •  most infants fully recover with few long-term health problems
  • BPD can be serious and need intensive medical care.

 

Sources:

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001088.htm

http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/bpd.html

 

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