bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)


  • affects premature infants
  • bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) also called chronic lung disease
  • “Dysplasia” means abnormal changes in the structure or organization of a group of cells.
  • The cell changes in BPD take place in the smaller airways and lung alveoli, making breathing difficult and causing problems with lung function.



Caused by inflammation and scarring in the lungs

A result of extended respiratory support interventions that are used to manage respiratory distress syndrome such as extended high level oxygen therapy or long duration on a ventilator.




  •  most infants fully recover with few long-term health problems
  • BPD can be serious and need intensive medical care.





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