Type 3 diabetes is a title that has been proposed for Alzheimer’s disease which results from resistance to insulin in the brain.
Studies carried out by the US Brown Medical School research team identified the possibility of a new form of diabetes after finding that insulin is produced by the brain as well as the pancreas.
Lead researcher, Dr Suzanne de la Monte, carried out a further study in 2012 for Rhode Island Hospital to further investigate the link.
The researchers pinpoint resistance to insulin and insulin-like growth factor as being a key part of the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.
Transurethral microwave thermotherapy is used for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) in men. TUMT involves the insertion of a specially designed urinary catheter into the bladder, allowing a microwave antenna to be positioned within the prostate; there, it heats and destroys hyperplastic prostate tissue.
It is used as an alternative to pharmacotherapy, transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), transurethral needle ablation (TUNA), photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP), open prostatic enucleation, or other surgical therapies.
Prostate cells are not reliably destroyed until temperatures reach 45°C (113°F). The term thermotherapy was therefore coined to describe treatment temperatures above 45°C and hyperthermia for those below this level. However, the urethral-pain threshold was shown to be 45°C; therefore, higher energy and higher temperatures were achieved only with the introduction of urethral cooling during therapy.
“Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy developed by Francine Shapiro that emphasizes disturbing memories as the cause of psychopathology and alleviates the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). EMDR is used for individuals who have experienced severe trauma that remains unresolved. According to Shapiro, when a traumatic or distressing experience occurs, it may overwhelm normal cognitive and neurological coping mechanisms. The memory and associated stimuli are inadequately processed and stored in an isolated memory network. The goal of EMDR therapy is to process these distressing memories, reducing their lingering effects and allowing clients to develop more adaptive coping mechanisms. This is done in an eight-step protocol that includes having clients recall distressing images while receiving one of several types of bilateral sensory input, including side to side eye movements. The use of EMDR was originally developed to treat adults suffering from PTSD; however, it is also used to treat other conditions and children”
Vein stripping is surgery to remove varicose veins in the legs.
Varicose veins are swollen, twisted, and enlarged veins that you can see under the skin. They are often red or blue in color. They usually appear in the legs, but can occur in other parts of the body.
Normally, valves in your veins keep your blood flowing up toward the heart, so the blood does not collect in one place. The valves in varicose veins are either damaged or missing. This causes the veins to become filled with blood, especially when you are standing.
Vein stripping is used to remove or tie off a large vein in the leg called the superficial saphenous vein. This helps treat varicose veins.
- two or three small cuts are made in the leg.
- The cuts are near the top, middle, and bottom of the damaged vein. One is in the groin. The other will be farther down the leg, either in the calf or ankle.
- The surgeon will then thread a thin, flexible plastic wire into the vein through the groin and guide the wire through the vein toward the other cut farther down your leg.
- The wire is then tied to the vein and pulled out through the lower cut, which pulls the vein out with it.