Infant respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS)
also known as Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, respiratory distress syndrome of newborn, and previously called hyaline membrane disease.
It is a syndrome in premature infants caused by developmental insufficiency of surfactant production and structural immaturity in the lungs.
It can also result from a genetic problem with the production of surfactant associated proteins. RDS affects about 1% of newborn infants and is the leading cause of death in preterm infants.
- glassy appearance of the alveolar membranes