Burns

Classifications of burns:

Nomenclature Traditional nomenclature Depth Clinical findings  
Superficial thickness first degree Epidermis involvement Erythema, significant pain, lack of blisters
Partial thickness – superficial second degree Superficial (papillary) dermis Blisters, clear fluid, and pain
Partial thickness – deep second degree Deep (reticular) dermis Whiter appearance or fixed red staining (no blanching), reduced sensation
Full thickness third degree Epidermis, Dermis, and complete destruction to subcutaneous fat, eschar formation and minimal pain, requires skin grafts Charred or leathery, thrombosed blood vessels, insensate
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