Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)

Extracorporeal technique of providing both cardiac and respiratory support oxygen to the body when the heart and lungs are unable to do so.

This technique is commonly called the “heart-lung machine”

Mechanism:

Blood is directed through a circuit with a “membrane oxygenator” that acts like a lung to deliver oxygen into the blood stream.

Applications:

  • cardiac and lung surgeries
  • in cases of recovery from severe lung trauma or lung transplantation.
  • used for neonates with pulmonary hypoplasia, or other temporary lung problems, such as meconium aspiration syndrome.

Continued patient assessment and monitoring is determined n the following manner:

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