Mood Disorders


Thoughts often associated with psychotic disorders

  1. Feeling of unreality – sense that things in the environments are strange, unreal, remote
  2. Feelings of depersonalization – a sense that one’s self is different changed, unreal, has lost identity
  3. Feelings of persecution – a sense that the patient is disliked, persecuted, being plotted against
  4. Feelings of influence – a sense that outside events, radio or TV are related to him, commenting about him of communicating with him.
  5. Delusions – false fixed beliefs



Illusions – misinterpretations of sensory stimuli

Hallucinations – subjective sensory perceptions, independent of reality, usually auditory or visual, less commonly perceived as taste, smell or touch

  • Usually associated with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia or delirium

Bates, Barbara. 1974. A Guide to Physical Examination. J.B. Lippincott Company, Toronto.


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