Uterine Fibroids (leiofibromyoma)
Uterine Fibroids are benign smooth muscle tumours of the uterus.
Originates from the myometrium, smooth muscle layer of the uterine wall and the accompanying connective tissue.
It is the most common benign tumour in women.
May present as:
- heavy and painful menstruation.
- painful sexual intercourse
- urinary frequency and urgency
the mass(es), if large, may be felt through the abdominal wall.
Treatment and management:
ultrasound is a diagnostic tool used to visualize the abdomen.
used to diagnose and differentiate from other forms of abdominal or reproductive cancers.
Uterine fibroid embolization is the non-surgical removal of the growths through the use of a catheter.
Fibroids often cause no symptoms and need no treatment, and they usually shrink after menopause, but are monitored for changes.
Surgical excision of the fibroid(s) is required for large, painful, symptomatic fibroids.
The malignant version of a fibroid is uncommon and termed a leiomyosarcoma.