Archive | February 2010

phenylketonuria (PKU)

 genetic disorder of metabolism

Etiology:

  • lack of the enzyme needed to turn phenylalanine into tyrosine results in an accumulation of phenylalanine in the body.
  • results in mental retardation if not treated in early development.

Treatment:

Affected individuals must adhere to a diet low in Phe during childhood or Phe levels rise and become toxic, causing central nervous system injury.

Urinary retention (ischuria)

A condition in which the urinary bladder does not rid itself of all urine it contains during the process of urination.
or a lack of ability to urinate.

Etiology

a common complication of benign prostatic hypertrophy (also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH)

may also be due to anesthesia and other medications

effects of renal dysfunction

obstruction in ureters or urethra

Treatment:

catheterization

Prostatic stent or TURP

surgical excision of blockage